Dog’s mental well-being is as important as its physical fitness. You, as a dog owner, should be aware of all the diseases that might affect your dog at any stage of life. The brain controls all the activities of the body and any harm to the brain may cause serious repercussions to the pet.
Here is a list of 5 Neurological Diseases that can affect the dog’s physical condition:
1. Seizures And Epilepsy
Seizures are seen more often in dogs causing neurological disorders. It’s a disturbance found in the normal activity of the brain that is generally accompanied by uncontrollable muscle activity. It can also be called as a convulsion or a fit.
Some of the common symptoms of a seizure are confusion, trembling, weakness, nervousness, staring at empty spaces.
Causes of seizures are:
There are 2 types of seizures:
Generalized – It is also referred to as Grand Mal. In this type of disease the dog experiences full body rigidity and fits.
Focal – They occur in one region of the brain. They are comparatively mild and fits occurs for less time, resulting in abnormal movement of the body parts.
Treatment of seizures is possible in dogs by providing proper medication and changes in diet according to the type of seizure diagnosed by the vet.
It is one of the common cause of disruption of central nervous system in the dog. It means inflammation in the brain. It might be accompanied by the inflammation of the spinal cord i.e myelitis. Major symptoms of this disease are:
Cause that leads to such disease is mainly due to parasitic infection. Bacteria that is ingested the dog’s body reaches the brain through the circulatory system. Such infection is known as bacterial endocarditis caused by bacterial encephalitis. Apart from bacteria, infections can also be caused by virus, fungi, ticks or any other foreign bodies.
If after the diagnosis, the cause is not determined as infection, then it is idiopathic encephalitis. This happens when the immune system of the dog’s body attacks itself causing damage to the brain or the entire nervous system. An example of this is GME.
For treatment, purpose antibiotics will be given for infections. Medication will be done to cure idiopathic encephalitis, which will suppress the inflammation in the brain and overactive immune system.
3. Granulomatous Meningoencephalitis (GME)
This disease is one of the most identifies the inflammatory disease in the entire central nervous system which affects the brain, spinal cord and the membranes that surround them known as Meninges.
A ball shaped formation known as Granuloma is observed in this disease. The formation is of the immune cells from the immune system wall that tries to protect the foreign entities from entering the body.
Common symptoms of this disease are:
Treatment process depends on the severity of the cause. If the GME diagnosed, is at its most severe stage, then intensive care and hospitalization may be required. Traditional methods of treatment include oral medications. Radiation therapy can also be suggested by the vet in case the disease is centrally localized.
4. Degenerative Myelopathy
This disease spreads slowly in the spinal cords and stimulates the neural network of the dog’s brain. It is proved to effect limbs as the dog is unable to stand up after resting for a long period. Once the hind limbs get fully affected, the dogs can’t walk and just drag their legs to move from one place to the other. This disease progresses at a rapid rate and eventually paralyzes the dog.
Some of the symptoms that may help you identify tit in early stages are:
Joint Care Treatment For Dogs and Cats
5. Liver Disorders
The disease caused due to liver disorders in the brain is known as Hepatic Encephalopathy. It is caused due to the inability of the liver to filter ammonia from your pet’s body.
The toxic material from the liver accumulates which disrupts the proper mental functioning of the brain.
Some symptoms that might indicate this disease are:
Diarrhea And Vomiting
There are 4 stages of this disease and diagnosis by the vet will determine the stage and then the needful treatment can be provided.
The general treatment involves antibiotic medication, change in diet, vitamins and if possible removal of the deposition. In case of the congenital shunt, surgery will be required.