Nervous System Disease in Dogs - Pet Care Supplies Blog

5 Diseases That Disrupts The Nervous System Of Dogs

Nervous System Disease in Dogs - Pet Care Supplies Blog

Dog’s mental well-being is as important as its physical fitness. You, as a dog owner, should be aware of all the diseases that might affect your dog at any stage of life. The brain controls all the activities of the body and any harm to the brain may cause serious repercussions to the pet.

Here is a list of 5 Neurological Diseases that can affect the dog’s physical condition:

1. Seizures And Epilepsy

Seizures And Epilepsy in Dogs - Pet Care Supplies Blog

Seizures are seen more often in dogs causing neurological disorders. It’s a disturbance found in the normal activity of the brain that is generally accompanied by uncontrollable muscle activity. It can also be called as a convulsion or a fit.

Some of the common symptoms of a seizure are confusion, trembling, weakness, nervousness, staring at empty spaces.

Causes of seizures are:

  • Idiopathic Epilepsy

  • Kidney Or Liver Diseases

  • High/Low Blood Sugar Levels

  • Injuries To The Head

  • Brain Tumors

  • Intake Of Toxins

There are 2 types of seizures:

  • Generalized – It is also referred to as Grand Mal. In this type of disease the dog experiences full body rigidity and fits.

  • Focal – They occur in one region of the brain. They are comparatively mild and fits occurs for less time, resulting in abnormal movement of the body parts.

Treatment of seizures is possible in dogs by providing proper medication and changes in diet according to the type of seizure diagnosed by the vet.

2. Encephalitis

Encephalitis in Dogs - Pet Care Supplies Blog

It is one of the common cause of disruption of central nervous system in the dog. It means inflammation in the brain. It might be accompanied by the inflammation of the spinal cord i.e myelitis. Major symptoms of this disease are:

  • Confusion

  • Head Pressing

  • Circling

  • Uncoordinated movements

  • Vomiting and Diarrhea

  • Loss of appetite

  • Behavioral changes

  • Head tilting on one side or paralysis

  • Seizures

Cause that leads to such disease is mainly due to parasitic infection. Bacteria that is ingested the dog’s body reaches the brain through the circulatory system. Such infection is known as bacterial endocarditis caused by bacterial encephalitis. Apart from bacteria, infections can also be caused by virus, fungi, ticks or any other foreign bodies.

If after the diagnosis, the cause is not determined as infection, then it is idiopathic encephalitis. This happens when the immune system of the dog’s body attacks itself causing damage to the brain or the entire nervous system. An example of this is GME.

For treatment, purpose antibiotics will be given for infections. Medication will be done to cure idiopathic encephalitis, which will suppress the inflammation in the brain and overactive immune system.

3. Granulomatous Meningoencephalitis (GME)

3. Granulomatous Meningoencephalitis (GME) in Dogs - Pet Care Supplies Blog

This disease is one of the most identifies the inflammatory disease in the entire central nervous system which affects the brain, spinal cord and the membranes that surround them known as Meninges.

A ball shaped formation known as Granuloma is observed in this disease. The formation is of the immune cells from the immune system wall that tries to protect the foreign entities from entering the body.

Common symptoms of this disease are:

  • Tremors

  • Wobbliness

  • Blindness

  • Drowsiness

  • Seizures

  • Behavioral Changes

  • Weakness In The Limbs

  • Pressing Head Against Objects

Treatment process depends on the severity of the cause. If the GME diagnosed, is at its most severe stage, then intensive care and hospitalization may be required. Traditional methods of treatment include oral medications. Radiation therapy can also be suggested by the vet in case the disease is centrally localized.

4. Degenerative Myelopathy

Degenerative Myelopathy in Dogs - Pet Care Supplies Blog

This disease spreads slowly in the spinal cords and stimulates the neural network of the dog’s brain. It is proved to effect limbs as the dog is unable to stand up after resting for a long period. Once the hind limbs get fully affected, the dogs can’t walk and just drag their legs to move from one place to the other. This disease progresses at a rapid rate and eventually paralyzes the dog.

Some of the symptoms that may help you identify tit in early stages are:

  • Loss Of Balance And Posture

  • Loss Of Muscular Mass

  • Can’t Control Defecation And Urination

  • Limping

  • Soreness On The Paws

Joint Care Treatment For Dogs and Cats

5. Liver Disorders

Liver Disorders in Dog - Pet Care Supplies Blog

The disease caused due to liver disorders in the brain is known as Hepatic Encephalopathy. It is caused due to the inability of the liver to filter ammonia from your pet’s body.

The toxic material from the liver accumulates which disrupts the proper mental functioning of the brain.

Some symptoms that might indicate this disease are:

  • Seizures

  • Hysteria

  • Weight Loss

  • Aggression

  • Diarrhea And Vomiting

  • Lethargy

  • Confused Behavior

  • Disorientation

There are 4 stages of this disease and diagnosis by the vet will determine the stage and then the needful treatment can be provided.

The general treatment involves antibiotic medication, change in diet, vitamins and if possible removal of the deposition. In case of the congenital shunt, surgery will be required.

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How to determine whether your Pet is Suffering from Arthritis?

According to an independent survey conducted by veterinarians in USA it was found that more than 90% of geriatric cats have arthritis. A total of more than 12 million cats in USA alone have arthritis!! The other surprising statistics is that 1 out of every 5 dogs over the age of 7 years in USA has arthritis. This goes to show that there is an immediate need of attention from pet owners regarding the reasons for the cause of arthritis in pets.

As per Banfield Pet Hospital – State of Pet Health 2012 Report, it was found that 68% of dog owners and 73% of cat owners are unaware of the fact that weight gain and arthritis in pets are interrelated. It has also been confirmed that 1 in 3 arthritic dogs and cats are also overweight.

It has also been confirmed that the occurrence of arthritis in pets has increased by 38% in dogs and 67% in cats over the past five years in USA. This figure is quite startling and goes to show that pet owners are not properly educated on this grievous disease in USA. Let us now look at some of the definitive signs of arthritis in pets:

PCS_5-Definitive-Signs-of-Arthritis-in-Pets

Your pet finds it little difficult to rise up

When you find that your pet shows lethargy and laziness by moving very slowly at the door to greet you it is time to take him to the veterinarian because it is during this stage that your pet will find it very difficult to rise up. He will also show late reactions to movement and will be very slow in greeting you. This late reaction should not be taken as a fact that they are not happy to see you, but due to the disease they are finding it difficult to remain their usual self.

Cats selecting a low trajectory area rather than higher elevation

A healthy cat would normally sit up high on the refrigerator or on the top of the TV, but if you find your feline friend remaining on the chair seats or on the floor more often this can be due to the fact that they are finding it difficult to climb. This can be due to the reason that they are having mild pain in the lower lumbar spine which results in discouraging your feline friend to remain grounded.

The thing about cats is that they are good at hiding their diseases. Hence, it would be very difficult to catch this behavior in your cats. They won’t limp or cry out, but if you have multiple cats in the house you will find them fighting with each other for lower trajectory places.

The dog does not play with you as usual

If you are a dog owner, you will have a fixed routine of playtime with your doggy. But due to some reasons, if your pooch is avoiding the playtime it is better to consult your veterinarian immediately. If you find that your dog is finding it difficult to chase the ball due to muscle stiffness or joint pain it is a signal that something is definitely wrong with your pooch, which could be dogs arthritis probably. But once you get this disease treated your dog will again become active and play with you in the same way they used to do earlier.

Not getting along with other pets in the household

If your dog used to get along with other pets in the household, but they are not getting along now it may be due to the fact that they are finding it difficult to tolerate the younger pet’s romping about or bumping into their back, hips or neck which might be chronically sore. So if you have an older pet and he hisses or growls at other pets it might be due to the fact that they are trying to self protect themselves. If you find that your older pet is facing issues with other pets it might be a good idea to take them to the veterinarian immediately for an arthritis screening.

When the pet wants to be alone

If your pet has been very active throughout their tenure with you and suddenly they want to remain aloof without any activity, it might be due to the fact that there is some low grade pain that is wearing them done on a daily basis. This is usually true in older pets. If you do not find any of the signs mentioned above on the pet, it is best to take them to the veterinarian and ask them to conduct blood tests of the pet. This way you will be able to find whether

your pet is facing arthritis or not.

If you find any of these signs in your pets with some pain it is best to take the pet to the veterinarian so that they can determine whether your pet is suffering from arthritis or not. There are lots of treatments and options available nowadays to treat pets with arthritis and you can rest assured of the fact that your pet will get a new lease of life once you commence the treatment for arthritis on them.According to an independent survey conducted by veterinarians in USA it was found that more than 90% of geriatric cats have arthritis. A total of more than 12 million cats in USA alone have arthritis!! The other surprising statistics is that 1 out of every 5 dogs over the age of 7 years in USA has arthritis. This goes to show that there is an immediate need of attention from pet owners regarding the reasons for the cause of arthritis in pets.

As per Banfield Pet Hospital – State of Pet Health 2012 Report, it was found that 68% of dog owners and 73% of cat owners are unaware of the fact that weight gain and arthritis in pets are interrelated. It has also been confirmed that 1 in 3 arthritic dogs and cats are also overweight.

It has also been confirmed that the occurrence of arthritis in pets has increased by 38% in dogs and 67% in cats over the past five years in USA. This figure is quite startling and goes to show that pet owners are not properly educated on this grievous disease in USA. Let us now look at some of the definitive signs of arthritis in pets:

Your pet finds it little difficult to rise up

When you find that your pet shows lethargy and laziness by moving very slowly at the door to greet you it is time to take him to the veterinarian because it is during this stage that your pet will find it very difficult to rise up. He will also show late reactions to movement and will be very slow in greeting you. This late reaction should not be taken as a fact that they are not happy to see you, but due to the disease they are finding it difficult to remain their usual self.

Cats selecting a low trajectory area rather than higher elevation

A healthy cat would normally sit up high on the refrigerator or on the top of the TV, but if you find your feline friend remaining on the chair seats or on the floor more often this can be due to the fact that they are finding it difficult to climb. This can be due to the reason that they are having mild pain in the lower lumbar spine which results in discouraging your feline friend to remain grounded.

The thing about cats is that they are good at hiding their diseases. Hence, it would be very difficult to catch this behavior in your cats. They won’t limp or cry out, but if you have multiple cats in the house you will find them fighting with each other for lower trajectory places.

The dog does not play with you as usual

If you are a dog owner, you will have a fixed routine of playtime with your doggy. But due to some reasons, if your pooch is avoiding the playtime it is better to consult your veterinarian immediately. If you find that your dog is finding it difficult to chase the ball due to muscle stiffness or joint pain it is a signal that something is definitely wrong with your pooch. But once you get this disease treated your dog will again become active and play with you in the same way they used to do earlier.

Not getting along with other pets in the household

If your dog used to get along with other pets in the household, but they are not getting along now it may be due to the fact that they are finding it difficult to tolerate the younger pet’s romping about or bumping into their back, hips or neck which might be chronically sore. So if you have an older pet and he hisses or growls at other pets it might be due to the fact that they are trying to self protect themselves. If you find that your older pet is facing issues with other pets it might be a good idea to take them to the veterinarian immediately for an arthritis screening.

When the pet wants to be alone

If your pet has been very active throughout their tenure with you and suddenly they want to remain aloof without any activity, it might be due to the fact that there is some low grade pain that is wearing them done on a daily basis. This is usually true in older pets. If you do not find any of the signs mentioned above on the pet, it is best to take them to the veterinarian and ask them to conduct blood tests of the pet. This way you will be able to find whether your pet is facing arthritis or not.

If you find any of these signs in your pets with some pain it is best to take the pet to the veterinarian so that they can determine whether your pet is suffering from arthritis or not. There are lots of treatments and options available nowadays to treat pets with arthritis and you can rest assured of the fact that your pet will get a new lease of life once you commence the treatment for arthritis on them.

Obesity – A Severe Threat to Pet’s Health

Statistics of the year 2013 suggest that more than 50% of dogs and cats in the USA are obese. The exact number equals to 43.8 million dogs and 55 million cats are overweight. This alarming figure is a warning call for pet parents whose hearts melt while leaving their pet’s bowl empty. They need to take their pet’s overweight as a serious threat to his overall health. Veterinarians across the globe claim that those extra pounds are doing no good to the pet and are creating more health problems for them.

Extra weight reduces a pet’s life by nearly two and a half years. Considering their life span, this number is a big chunk of their life. Obesity causes a wide range of diseases including cat and dog arthritis, cardiac problems, breathing diseases, diabetes and some cancers. Apart from these chronic diseases, the other problems faced by pet are joint problems, decreased stamina, B.P., lethargy, lack of alertness and more. There are several reasons for obesity in pets.  Continue reading